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2013届高三语文模拟试卷及参考答案2012年马鞍山市高中毕业班第二次教学质量检测语文试题


positi on -related consum ption of civil serva nts ha s bee n swe pt by fina nce, cons umer, regardl ess of cost, extravagance and waste in t he civil service position-relate d cons umption, abuse , corr upti on a nd embe zzleme nt, corrupti on i s important . The n, under t he conditions of market economy, how t o reform the existing civil duty cons umpti on manageme nt, expl ores a s ource t o preve nt and cur b the post consumpti on corr uption way, i s currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d research on this i ssue, this problem on some humble opi nions. First , the existing publ ic servants ' duty consumpti on the main pr oblems seen from the investigation and reasons, i n rece nt years, publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption caused by the abuse s an d not a person of integrity, is one of the maj or problems i n the party i n Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party and Gover nment orga ns, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and t he Gov ernment, undermini ng the relations hip betwee n party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up and economic constructi on. From I County in recent years of gover nance sit uation see, positi ons cons umption in the produced of "two not" phenomenon renderi ng four a features: a i s positions consumpti on system l ost has due of binding , right is greater tha n rules , and rig ht is greater than met hod of phenomenon more highlight; II is i n posi tions consumpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positi ons consum ption into has personal cons umpti on, wil l cor porate points t o into personal point s to, makes positions consumpti on i n some a spe cts ha s into positions enj oy and self -deali ng of means; t hree is t o positions consumpti on for name , fraud, false imper sonator, Tre nd of negative corr uption phenomena such as corr uption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful, a nd post consum ption became a symbol of showing off their individual capa cities. Cause d by public servants ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe ople refle ct the bigge st problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost expendi ture. A ccording to statistics, until November 2003, XX County tow ns hip De partment bus 1 59 cars, whi ch department owns the bus 14 5 vehi cles, a nd s howed a n increa sing tre nd. Fi nancial expense s cost per bus per year to 35 ,000 y uan, a nd i n fact every cost up t o 50,00 0 yuan. Some units als o hiri ng temporary driv ers and ex penditure on wages a nd subsidie s. Neces sary to "keep a car", but al so "de pendants", lea ding to l arger expenses. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong br eed unhealthy tendencies. S ome pe opl e believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third used for official pur poses. Some public s ervants, e spe cially leading official s motoring , cars for private pur pose s, violati ng the s elf -dis cipline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead to traffic accide nts. A ccor ding to statistics from related departme nts, si nce 2 004, the corre ct investigati on in our County serves nearly 30 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

2012 年马鞍山市高中毕业班第二次教学质量检测

语文试题
(本试卷共五大题,21 小题,满分 150 分,考试用时 150 分钟。) 注意事项: 1.答卷前,考生务必用 2B 铅笔在“考生号”处填涂考生号。用黑色字迹的钢笔或 签字笔将自己所在的县/区、学校,以及自己的姓名、考生号和座位号填写在答题卡上。 2.选择题每小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目选项的答案信,包点 涂黑,如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案,答案不能答在试卷上。 3.非选择题,必须用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡各题目指 定区域内相应位置上;如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案;不准使用 铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。 4.考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。考试结束后,将试卷和答题卡一并交回。

第Ⅰ卷(阅读题共 66 分)
一、(9 分) 阅读下面文字,完成 1~3 题。 ①现在,“拷问”一词经常见诸各类媒体。有人撰文对这种用法持反对意见,认为 “拷问”即拷打审问,其“语义先天性地带有或多或少的暴力色彩”,现在媒体不约而 同地用带有“封建暴力”色彩的词,在今天“建设和谐社会的大环境里”,“显得格格 不入”。 ②对文章中所倡导的“语言丈明”,彻底根除“封建暴力”意识,笔者深表赞同。 然而,这与“拷问”等词语的使用,实在是没有什么关系!
leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solve d in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' dut y consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd low positions, but als o the nature of the w ork and the w orkloa d. 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 In reform of method Shang, a pprove d civi l servants positions cons umpti on sta ndard t o "big unified, and small di spersed" s uitable, t hat most positions consum ption proje ct s hould a ccor ding to poli cy provi des propose d unified standard, consi der to rank s, and unit s and the w ork task of difference s sex, unified of standa rd should has ela stic of and dy namic of, makes regions, a nd units i n implementati on unif ied sta ndar d Shi ha s must of flexible dis posal rig ht; but since set of standar d must after financial, and audit, se ctor audit approve d Hou to impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on elasti city of cons umption to limit cons umption, tur ning mes s into kitche n after dinner, foll ow the civil serva nt with a how to use personal title s ubsi dies, or how to manage a pers onal duty cons umpti on use of s ubsi dies . Therefore, w e must establish a nd perfect with public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the serie s of governa nce systems s uch as the civil servi ce examinati on of res ponsi bility, sy stem, low fault investigati on system, t he report said. While ot her measure s to keep up. Discipline i nspecti on a nd supervi sion organs, financial, a uditi ng de partments s hould stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd i ns pecti on of publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption monetizati on reform pr ogress, t o strengthen the reform of publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption m onetizati on sy stem, measur es to devel op a nd monitor the im plementati on of inspe ction, not cons umption as required, even s hifting cons umer be havior to stop, serious cases to deal wit h. Thre e idea s, publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform of politi cs, t he economy and t he dee pe ning of the reform, public s ervants ' duty consumpti on a s somew here betwee n a reform also demonstrated its importa nce a nd urgency. First of all, civil s ervants es pe cially party and G overnment lea ders a nd public se rvants ' duty cons umption there are big drawbacks . NPC de putie s and CPPCC members a nd the broa d masse s are concer ned a bout. Secondly, the

positi on -related consum ption of civil serva nts ha s bee n swe pt by fina nce, cons umer, regardl ess of cost, extravagance and waste in t he civil service position-relate d cons umption, abuse , corr upti on a nd embe zzleme nt, corrupti on i s important . The n, under t he conditions of market econom y, how t o reform the existing civil duty cons umpti on manageme nt, expl ores a s ource to preve nt and cur b the post con sumpti on corr uption way, i s currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d research on this i ssue, this problem on some humble opi nions. First , the existing publ ic servants ' dut y consumpti on the main pr oblems seen from the investigation and reasons, i n rece nt years, publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption caused by the abuse s and not a person of integrity, is one of the maj or problems i n the party i n Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party and Gover nment orga ns, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and t he Gov ernment, undermini ng the relations hip betwee n party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up and economic constructi on. From I County in recent years of gover nance sit uation see, positi ons cons umption in th e produced of "two not" phenomenon renderi ng four a features: a i s positions consumpti on system l ost has due of binding , right is greater tha n rules , and rig ht is greater than met hod of phenomenon more highlight; II is i n positions consumpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positi ons consum ption into has personal cons umpti on, wil l cor porate points t o into personal point s to, makes positions consumpti on i n some a spe cts ha s into positions enj oy and self -deali ng of means; t hree is t o positions consumpti on for name , fraud, false imper sonator, Tre nd of negative corr uption phenomena such as corr uption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful, a nd post consum ption became a symbol of showing off their indi vidual capa cities. Cause d by public servants ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe ople refle ct the bigge st problem s are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost expenditure. A ccording to statistics, until November 2003, XX County tow ns hip De partment bus 1 59 cars, whi ch department owns the bus 14 5 vehi cles, a nd s howed a n increa sing tre nd. Fi nancial expense s cost per bus per year to 35 ,000 y uan, a nd i n fact every cost up to 50,00 0 yuan. Some units als o hiri ng temporary driv ers and ex penditure on wages a nd subsidie s. Neces sary to "keep a car", but al so "de pendants", lea ding to l arger expenses. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong br eed unhealthy tendencies. S ome pe opl e believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third used for official pur poses. Some public s ervants, e spe cially leading official s motoring , cars for private pur pose s, violati ng the s elf -dis cipline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead to traffic accide nts. A ccor ding to statistics from related departme nts, si nce 2 004, the corre ct investigati on in our County serves nearly 30 cars for private purpose s, only t he first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

③这是个语言问题,应该从语言的角度加以讨论。我们知道,词语是社会文化观念 的客观反映。时代在进步,社会在发展。当历史进入新的阶段,社会文化生活发生了新 的变化以后,是否为了适应新的需求,把原来带有时代色彩的词语都抛弃掉,而创制新 的词汇系统?当然没有必要!因为“新”是“旧”的自然演进,新的社会生活、新的文 化观念、新的思维意识,都是对旧的社会生活、旧的文化观念、旧的思维意识的继承与 发展。同理,反映时代特征的词汇系统,会随着时代的发展不断地演变,“旧词”完全 可以变成适应新时代要求的“新词”。 ④“拷问”是个古词语,南北朝时期北齐人魏收所撰的《魏帮》中就用过这个词, 此书《高祖孝文帝纪下》有句云:“自今月至明年孟夏,不听拷问罪人。”其中的“拷 问”即指拷打审问。喜欢看古戏剧、古小说的人都知道,“拷问”在古代确实是“一种 很残酷的暴力行为”,“往往是受刑人皮开内绽、鲜血淋漓而不得不招供,甚至屈打成 招”。但是,这已经成为历史,在现在的文明社会里,“刑讯逼供”是不允许的。《中 华人民共和国刑事诉讼法》及其若干问题的解释中,有明文规定禁止“刑讯逼供”,违 者即构成“刑讯逼供罪”,会受到法律的严厉制裁。在这种背景下,“拷问”一词即成 为一个历史词,其本义“拷打审问”便失去了适用基础。不过这丝毫不影响现在人们“旧 词新用”,让“拷打审问”引申指“时社会上某些负面现象的产生的责任及社会根源进 行严厉追究”。这种“新”用,已经被人们普遍接受,有了广泛的社会基础,媒体上“这 个词屡屡出现”便是明证。 ⑤那么,“拷问“一词的“旧词新用”,是否会让人联想到其旧义的“封建暴力” 色彩,从而影响现在构建“和谐社会的大环境”?

leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res po nsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd low positions, but als o the nature of the w ork and the w orkloa d. 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜

In reform of method

Shang, a pprove d civi l servants positions cons umpti on sta ndard t o "big unified, and small di spersed" s uitable, t hat most positions consum ption proje ct s hould a ccor ding to poli cy provi des propose d unified standard, consi der to rank s, and unit s and the w ork task of difference s sex, unified of standa rd should has ela stic of and dy namic of, mak es regions, a nd units i n implementati on unified sta ndar d Shi ha s must of flexible dis posal rig ht; but since set of standar d must af ter financial, and audit, se ctor audit approve d Hou to impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on elasti city of cons umption to limit cons umption, tur ning mes s into kitche n after dinner, foll ow the civil serva nt with a how to use personal title s ubsi dies, or how to manage a pers onal duty cons umpti on use of s ubsi dies . Therefore, w e must establish a nd per fect with public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the serie s of governa nce systems s uch as the civil servi ce examinati on of res ponsi bility, sy stem, low fault investigati on system, t he report said. While ot her measure s to keep up. Discipline i nspecti on a nd supervi sion organs, financial, a uditi ng de partments s hould stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd i ns pecti on of p ubli c serva nts ' duty consum ption monetizati on reform pr ogress, t o strengthen the reform of publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption m onetizati on sy stem, measur es to devel op a nd monitor the im plementati on of inspe ction, not cons umption as required, even s hifting cons umer be havior to stop, serious cases to deal wit h. Thre e idea s, publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform of politi cs, t he economy and t he dee pe ning of the reform, public s ervants ' duty consumpti on a s somew here betwee n a reform also demonstrated its importa nce a nd urgency. First of all, civil s ervants es pe cially party and G overnment lea ders a nd public se rvants ' duty cons umption there are big drawbacks . NPC de putie s and CPPCC members a nd the broa d masse s are concer ned a bout. Secondly, the

positi on -related consum ption of civil serva nts ha s bee n swe pt by fina nce, cons umer, regardl ess of cost, extravagance and waste in t he civil service position-relate d cons umption, abuse , corr upti on a nd embe zzleme nt, corrupti on i s important . The n, under t he conditions of market econom y, how t o reform the existing civil duty cons umpti on manageme nt, expl ores a s ource to preve nt and cur b the post consumpti on corr uption way, i s currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d research on this i ssue, this problem on some humble opi nions. First , the existing publ ic servants ' duty consumpti on the main pr oblems seen from the investigation and reasons, i n rece nt years, publi c serva nts ' dut y consum ption caused by the abuse s and not a person of integrity, is one of the maj or problems i n the party i n Gover nment, it s operation or der have a negative effect on the party and Gover nment orga ns, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and t he Gov ernment, undermini ng the relations hip betwee n party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up and economic constructi on. From I County in recent years of gover nance sit uation see, positi ons cons umption in the produced of "two not" phenomenon renderi ng four a features: a i s positions consumpti on system l ost has due of binding , right is greater tha n rules , and rig ht is greater than met hod of phenomenon more highlight; II is i n positions consumpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positi ons consum ption into has personal cons umpti on, wil l cor porate points t o into personal point s to, makes positions consumpti on i n some a spe cts ha s into positions enj oy and self-deali ng of means; t hree is t o positions consumpti on for name , fraud, false imper sonator, Tre nd of negative corr uption phenomena such as corr uption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful, a nd post consum ption became a symbol of showing off their individual capa cities. Cause d by public servants ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe ople refle ct the bigge st problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost expenditure. A ccording to statistics, until November 2003, XX County tow ns hip De partment bus 1 59 cars, whi ch department owns the bus 14 5 vehi cles, a nd s howed a n increa sing tre nd. Fi nancial expense s cost per bus per year to 35 ,000 y uan, a nd i n fact every cost up to 50,00 0 yuan. Some units als o hiri ng temporary driv ers and ex penditure on wages a nd sub sidie s. Neces sary to "keep a car", but al so "de pendants", lea ding to l arger expenses. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong br eed unhealthy t endencies. S ome pe opl e believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third used for official pur poses. Some public s ervants, e spe cially leading official s motoring , cars for private pur pose s, violati ng the s elf -dis cipline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead to traffic accide nts. A ccor ding to statistics from related departme nts, si nce 2 004, the corre ct investigat i on in our County serves nearly 30 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

⑥不会!因为如今用的是“新义”,在新的话用环境中使用“新义”,客观上会限 制对“旧义”的联想。比如“鞭策”原指用鞭子拍打,今指督促、激励;“腰斩”原指 古代的一种酷刑,即将犯人从腰部斩为两截,今指把同一或相连的事物从中割断;“枪 毙”本指用枪将人击毙,现今也比喻建议被否决或文章不予发表。诸如此类,举不胜举。 现在人们在使用这些词语的时候,谁会联想到其原义而感受到了“暴力”色彩?就算真 有人看到这类词语而想到其原本的意义, 说不定还会产生意想不到的修辞效果呢! 就 “拷 问”一词而言,时一些不合理的负面现象,从精神层面进行“拷柯审问”,这不正符合 人们所期待的“公平正义”吗? ⑦对社会上不合理的理象.尽管大胆地“拷问”吧,这绝对与“封建暴力”无关。 (选自《咬文嚼字》2011 年第 12 期,有改动) 1.下列关于“拷问”的表述,符合作者意思的一项是( )。 (3 分)

A.“拷问”即拷打审问,是古代审讯犯人时一种很残酷的暴力行为,今天仍是一 个带有“封建暴力一色彩的古语词。 B.在现代文明社会中,尤其是中华人民共和国相关的法律禁止刑讯逼供的背景下, “拷问”的本义已经不存在了。 C.“拷问”一词的词义,随着时代的发展而发展,在现今的语用环境中,已经由原 来的“拷打审问”演变为“严厉追究”。 D.针对当前社会上存在的一些不合理现象,各类媒体从精神层面上进行全面而深 刻地反思,“拷问”一词渐渐流行起来。 2.下列对选文的理解和分析,不正确的一项是( )。 (3 分)

A.本文开篇引述“有人”对各类媒体热用“拷问”一词提出的批评,目的要为作 者进行再批评而树立靶子。 B.第②段是过渡段,作者名义上赞同“语言文明”的意识而实际 L 否定“有人”的 观点,自然过渡到对自己观点的阐述。

leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, und er the existing poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on st a ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd low positions, but als o the nature of the w ork and the w orkloa d. 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 活 ” 年 “ 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜

In reform of method

Shang, a pprove d civi l servants positions cons umpti on sta ndard t o "big unified, and small di spersed" s uitable, t hat most posit ions consum ption proje ct s hould a ccor ding to poli cy provi des propose d unified standard, co nsi der to rank s, and unit s and the w ork task of difference s sex, unified of standa rd should has ela stic of and dy namic of, ma kes regions, a nd units i n implementati on unified sta ndar d Shi ha s must of flexible dis posal rig ht; but since set of standar d must after financial, and audit, se ctor audit approve d Hou to impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on elasti city of cons umption to limit cons umption, tur ning mes s into kitche n after dinner, foll ow the civil serva nt with a how to use personal title s ubsi dies, or how to manage a pers onal duty cons umpti on use of s ubsi dies . Therefore, w e must establish a nd perfect with public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the serie s of governa nce systems s uch as the civil servi ce examinati on of res ponsi bility, sy stem, low fault investigati on system, t he report said. While ot her measure s to keep

up.

Discipline i nspecti on a nd s upervi sion organs, financial, a uditi ng de partments s hould stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd i ns pecti on of publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption monetizati on reform pr ogress, t o strengthen the reform of publi c serva nts ' duty consum pti on m onetizati on sy stem, measur es to devel op a nd monitor the im plementati on of inspe ction, not cons umption as required, even s hifting cons umer be havior to stop, serious cases to deal wit h. Thre e idea s, publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform of politi cs, t he economy and t he dee pe ning of the reform, public s ervants ' duty consumpti on a s somew here betwee n a reform also demonstrated its importa nce a nd urgency. First of all, civil s ervants es pe cially party and G overnment lea ders a nd public se rvant s ' duty cons umption there are big drawbacks . NPC de putie s and CPPCC members a nd the broa d masse s are concer ned a bout. Secondly, the

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positi on -related consum ption of civil serva nts ha s bee n swe pt by fina nce, cons umer, regardl ess of cost, extravagance and waste in t he civil service position-relate d cons umption, abuse , corr upti on a nd embe zzleme nt, corrupti on i s important . The n, under t he conditions of market econom y, how t o reform the existing civil duty cons umpti on manageme nt, expl ores a s ource to preve nt and cur b the post con sumpti on corr uption way, i s currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d research on this i ssue, this problem on some humble opi nions. First , the existing publ ic servants ' dut y consumpti on the main pr oblems seen from the investigation and reasons, i n rece nt years, publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption caused by the abuse s and not a person of integrity, is one of the maj or problems i n the party i n Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party and Gover nment orga ns, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and t he Gov ernment, undermini ng the relations hip betwee n party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up and economic constructi on. From I County in recent years of gover nance sit uation see, positi ons cons umption in th e produced of "two not" phenomenon renderi ng four a features: a i s positions consumpti on system l ost has due of binding , right is greater tha n rules , and rig ht is greater than met hod of phenomenon more highlight; II is i n positions consumpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positi ons consum ption into has personal cons umpti on, wil l cor porate points t o into personal point s to, makes positions consumpti on i n some a spe cts ha s into positions enj oy and self -deali ng of means; t hree is t o positions consumpti on for name , fraud, false imper sonator, Tre nd of negative corr uption phenomena such as corr uption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful, a nd post consum ption became a symbol of showing off their indi vidual capa cities. Cause d by public servants ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe ople refle ct the bigge st problem s are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost expenditure. A ccording to statistics, until November 2003, XX County tow ns hip De partment bus 1 59 cars, whi ch department owns the bus 14 5 vehi cles, a nd s howed a n increa sing tre nd. Fi nancial expense s cost per bus per year to 35 ,000 y uan, a nd i n fact every cost up to 50,00 0 yuan. Some units als o hiri ng temporary driv ers and ex penditure on wages a nd subsidie s. Neces sary to "keep a car", but al so "de pendants", lea ding to l arger expenses. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong br eed unhealthy tendencies. S ome pe opl e believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third used for official pur poses. Some public s ervants, e spe cially leading official s motoring , cars for private pur pose s, violati ng the s elf -dis cipline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead to traffic accide nts. A ccor ding to statistics from related departme nts, si nce 2 004, the corre ct investigati on in our County serves nearly 30 cars for private purpose s, only t he first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

C.在③廷)段中,作者运用对比论证的方法,分别论证了语言演变、现代词语来源 和“拷问”新用等三个方面的问题。 D.最后三个段落与第①段紧密呼应,就媒体中大量运用“拷问”一词提出自己看 法,认为媒体用得完全正确。 3.下列对原文中作者观点的概括,正确的一项是( )。 (3 分)

A.新的词义都是对旧的词语意思的引中和发展,因此“新词”都是“旧词”的自 然演进。 B.“旧词新用”是因为原来的意义失去了适用基础,如果不派生新义就不能被人 们接受。 C.一些本义具有“暴力”色彩的词在新的语用环境中使用,会产生意想不到的修辞 效果。 D.人们在使用已经被普遍接受的词语的“新义”时,一般会限制对该词“旧义” 的联想。

二、(32 分) 阅读下面的文言文,完成 4~7 题。 李光地,字晋卿,福建安溪人。幼颖异。年十三,举家陷山贼中,得脱归。力学慕 古。康熙九年进士,选庶吉士,授编修。 十二年,乞省亲归。十三年,耿精忠反,郑锦据泉州,光地奉亲匿山谷间,锦与精 忠并遣人招之,力拒。十四年,置疏蜡丸中,遣使间道赴京师,上得疏动容,嘉其忠, 擢侍读学士。行至福州,以父丧归。 十七年,同安贼蔡寅结众万余,以白巾为号,掠安溪。光地募乡勇百余人扼守,绝 其粮道,贼解去。十九年,授内阁学士。入对,言:“郑锦已死,子克塽幼弱,部下争 权,宜急取之。”且举内大臣施琅,习海上形势,知兵,可重任。上用其言,卒平台湾。

leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res po nsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd low positions, but als o the nature of the w ork and the w orkloa d. 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜

In reform of method

Shang, a pprove d civi l servants positions cons umpti on sta ndard t o "big unified, and small di spersed" s uitable, t hat most positions consum ption proje ct s hould a ccor ding to poli cy provi des propose d unified standard, consi der to rank s, and unit s and the w ork task of difference s sex, unified of standa rd should has ela stic of and dy namic of, mak es regions, a nd units i n implementati on unified sta ndar d Shi ha s must of flexible dis posal rig ht; but since set of standar d must af ter financial, and audit, se ctor audit approve d Hou to impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on elasti city of cons umption to limit cons umption, tur ning mes s into kitche n after dinner, foll ow the civil serva nt with a how to use personal title s ubsi dies, or how to manage a pers onal duty cons umpti on use of s ubsi dies . Therefore, w e must establish a nd per fect with public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the serie s of governa nce systems s uch as the civil servi ce examinati on of res ponsi bility, sy stem, low fault investigati on system, t he report said. While ot her measure s to keep up. Discipline i nspecti on a nd supervi sion organs, financial, a uditi ng de partments s hould stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd i ns pecti on of p ubli c serva nts ' duty consum ption monetizati on reform pr ogress, t o strengthen the reform of publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption m onetizati on sy stem, measur es to devel op a nd monitor the im plementati on of inspe ction, not cons umption as required, even s hifting cons umer be havior to stop, serious cases to deal wit h. Thre e idea s, publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform of politi cs, t he economy and t he dee pe ning of the reform, public s ervants ' duty consumpti on a s somew here betwee n a reform also demonstrated its importa nce a nd urgency. First of all, civil s ervants es pe cially party and G overnment lea ders a nd public se rvants ' duty cons umption there are big drawbacks . NPC de putie s and CPPCC members a nd the broa d masse s are concer ned a bout. Secondly, the

positi on -related consum ption of civil serva nts ha s bee n swe pt by fina nce, cons umer, regardl ess of cost, extravagance and waste in t he civil service position-relate d cons umption, abuse , corr upti on a nd embe zzleme nt, corrupti on i s important . The n, under t he conditions of market econom y, how t o reform the existing civil duty cons umpti on manageme nt, expl ores a s ource to preve nt and cur b the post consumpti on corr uption way, i s currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d research on this i ssue, this problem on some humble opi nions. First , the existing publ ic servants ' duty consumpti on the main pr oblems seen from the investigation and reasons, i n rece nt years, publi c serva nts ' dut y consum ption caused by the abuse s and not a person of integrity, is one of the maj or problems i n the party i n Gover nment, it s operation or der have a negative effect on the party and Gover nment orga ns, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and t he Gov ernment, undermini ng the relations hip betwee n party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up and economic constructi on. From I County in recent years of gover nance sit uation see, positi ons cons umption in the produced of "two not" phenomenon renderi ng four a features: a i s positions consumpti on system l ost has due of binding , right is greater tha n rules , and rig ht is greater than met hod of phenomenon more highlight; II is i n positions consumpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positi ons consum ption into has personal cons umpti on, wil l cor porate points t o into personal point s to, makes positions consumpti on i n some a spe cts ha s into positions enj oy and self-deali ng of means; t hree is t o positions consumpti on for name , fraud, false imper sonator, Tre nd of negative corr uption phenomena such as corr uption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful, a nd post consum ption became a symbol of showing off their individual capa cities. Cause d by public servants ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe ople refle ct the bigge st problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost expenditure. A ccording to statistics, until November 2003, XX County tow ns hip De partment bus 1 59 cars, whi ch department owns the bus 14 5 vehi cles, a nd s howed a n increa sing tre nd. Fi nancial expense s cost per bus per year to 35 ,000 y uan, a nd i n fact every cost up to 50,00 0 yuan. Some units als o hiri ng temporary driv ers and ex penditure on wages a nd sub sidie s. Neces sary to "keep a car", but al so "de pendants", lea ding to l arger expenses. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong br eed unhealthy t endencies. S ome pe opl e believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third used for official pur poses. Some public s ervants, e spe cially leading official s motoring , cars for private pur pose s, violati ng the s elf -dis cipline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead to traffic accide nts. A ccor ding to statistics from related departme nts, si nce 2 004, the corre ct investigat i on in our County serves nearly 30 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

初,畿辅屡遭水患,上以漳河与滹沱合流易泛滥,命光地导漳自故道引入运河,杀 滹沱之势。寻奏霸州等七县,因溶新河,占氏田一百三十九顷,请豁免赋额,从之。由 是下流益畅,无水息。四十四年,拜文渊阁大学士。时上游心理学,旁阐六艺,御纂朱 子全书及周易折中、性理精义诸书,皆命光地校理,日召入便殿研求探讨。 五十七年,卒,年七十七。遣恒亲王允祺奠醊,赐金千两,谥文贞;使工部尚书徐 元梦护其丧归。复谕阁臣:“李光地谨慎清勤,始终一节,学问渊博。朕知之最真,知 朕亦无过光地者!” 雍正初,赠太子太傅,祀贤良祠。 弟光坡,性至孝,家居不仕,潜心经术。子钟伦,举人,治经史性理,旁及诸子百 家,从其叔父光坡治三礼,于周官、礼记尤精,称其家学。从子天宠,进士,官编修, 有志操,遵于经学,与弟钟侨、钟旺俱以穷经讲学为业。钟侨进士,官编修,督学江西, 以实行课士,左迁因子监丞。钟旺,举人,授中书,充性理精义纂修官。 (选自《清史稿·列传第四九》,有删节) 4.对下列句子中加点词的解释,不正确的一项是( A.举家陷山贼中 B.以白巾为号,掠安溪 C.寻奏霸州等七县 D.以实行课士 )。 (3 分)

举:全。 掠:掠夺。 寻:不久。 课:考核。 )。 (3 分)

5.下列各组句子中加点词的意义和用法,相同的一组是( A.①以父丧归。 B.①护其丧归 C.①知朕亦无过光地者 D.①有志操,邃于经学

②以其无礼于晋,且贰于楚也。 ②郯子之徒,其贤不及孔子 ②不者,若属皆且为所虏 ②而君幸于赵王 )。 (3 分)
In reform of method

6.下列对原文有关内容的分析与概括,不正确的一项是(
up.

leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, und er the existing poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on st a ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd low positions, but als o the nature of the w ork and the w orkloa d. 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 活 ” 年 “ 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜

Shang, a pprove d civi l servants positions cons umpti on sta ndard t o "big unified, and small di spersed" s uitable, t hat most posit ions consum ption proje ct s hould a ccor ding to poli cy provi des propose d unified standard, co nsi der to rank s, and unit s and the w ork task of difference s sex, unified of standa rd should has ela stic of and dy namic of, ma kes regions, a nd units i n implementati on unified sta ndar d Shi ha s must of flexible dis posal rig ht; but since set of standar d must after financial, and audit, se ctor audit approve d Hou to impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on elasti city of cons umption to limit cons umption, tur ning mes s into kitche n after dinner, foll ow the civil serva nt with a how to use personal title s ubsi dies, or how to manage a pers onal duty cons umpti on use of s ubsi dies . Therefore, w e must establish a nd perfect with public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the serie s of governa nce systems s uch as the civil servi ce examinati on of res ponsi bility, sy stem, low fault investigati on system, t he report said. While ot her measure s to keep

Discipline i nspecti on a nd s upervi sion organs, financial, a uditi ng de partments s hould stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd i ns pecti on of publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption monetizati on reform pr ogress, t o strengthen the reform of publi c serva nts ' duty consum pti on m onetizati on sy stem, measur es to devel op a nd monitor the im plementati on of inspe ction, not cons umption as required, even s hifting cons umer be havior to stop, serious cases to deal wit h. Thre e idea s, publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform of politi cs, t he economy and t he dee pe ning of the reform, public s ervants ' duty consumpti on a s somew here betwee n a reform also demonstrated its importa nce a nd urgency. First of all, civil s ervants es pe cially party and G overnment lea ders a nd public se rvant s ' duty cons umption there are big drawbacks . NPC de putie s and CPPCC members a nd the broa d masse s are concer ned a bout. Secondly, the

·5·

positi on -related consum ption of civil serva nts ha s bee n swe pt by fina nce, cons umer, regardl ess of cost, extravagance and waste in t he civil service position-relate d cons umption, abuse , corr upti on a nd embe zzleme nt, corrupti on i s important . The n, under t he conditions of market econom y, how t o reform the existing civil duty cons umpti on manageme nt, expl ores a s ource to preve nt and cur b the post con sumpti on corr uption way, i s currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d research on this i ssue, this problem on some humble opi nions. First , the existing publ ic servants ' dut y consumpti on the main pr oblems seen from the investigation and reasons, i n rece nt years, publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption caused by the abuse s and not a person of integrity, is one of the maj or problems i n the party i n Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party and Gover nment orga ns, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and t he Gov ernment, undermini ng the relations hip betwee n party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up and economic constructi on. From I County in recent years of gover nance sit uation see, positi ons cons umption in th e produced of "two not" phenomenon renderi ng four a features: a i s positions consumpti on system l ost has due of binding , right is greater tha n rules , and rig ht is greater than met hod of phenomenon more highlight; II is i n positions consumpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positi ons consum ption into has personal cons umpti on, wil l cor porate points t o into personal point s to, makes positions consumpti on i n some a spe cts ha s into positions enj oy and self -deali ng of means; t hree is t o positions consumpti on for name , fraud, false imper sonator, Tre nd of negative corr uption phenomena such as corr uption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful, a nd post consum ption became a symbol of showing off their indi vidual capa cities. Cause d by public servants ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe ople refle ct the bigge st problem s are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost expenditure. A ccording to statistics, until November 2003, XX County tow ns hip De partment bus 1 59 cars, whi ch department owns the bus 14 5 vehi cles, a nd s howed a n increa sing tre nd. Fi nancial expense s cost per bus per year to 35 ,000 y uan, a nd i n fact every cost up to 50,00 0 yuan. Some units als o hiri ng temporary driv ers and ex penditure on wages a nd subsidie s. Neces sary to "keep a car", but al so "de pendants", lea ding to l arger expenses. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong br eed unhealthy tendencies. S ome pe opl e believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third used for official pur poses. Some public s ervants, e spe cially leading official s motoring , cars for private pur pose s, violati ng the s elf -dis cipline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead to traffic accide nts. A ccor ding to statistics from related departme nts, si nce 2 004, the corre ct investigati on in our County serves nearly 30 cars for private purpose s, only t he first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

A.李光地幼时聪颖异常,学习勤奋,仰慕古贤。为官后回乡探望亲人,正遇上有 人造反,派人来招纳他,被他坚决拒绝。 B.李光地有爱民之心,能体恤民情。因疏浚河道,占用了霸州等七个县的民田百 余顷,他就奏请皇上豁免相应的赋税。 C.当时,皇上潜心理学,涉猎阐释六经的书,下令编《朱子全书》和阐释《周易》 等很多书,都命李光地负责校对整理。 D.李光地的弟弟李广坡,为人特别孝顺,辞去官职后,在家专心于经学研究,悉 心培养后辈,子侄们在学问上颇有造诣。 7.把文中画线的句子翻译成现代汉语。 (10 分)

(1)黄疏蜡丸中,遣使间道赴京师,上得疏动容,嘉其忠。 (2)且举内大匝施琅,习海上形势,知兵,可重任。

阅读下面两首咏物诗,然后完成 8~9 题。 柳絮 李中 柳絮 雍裕之

年年二月暮,散乱杂飞花。 雨过微风起,狂飘千万家。

无风才到地,有风还满空。 缘渠偏似雪,莫近鬓毛生。

8.这两首诗运用了哪种相同的修辞手法来写“柳絮”的?请结合诗歌加以简析。 (3 分) 9.这两首诗在立意上是否相同?请谈谈你的理解。(4 分) 10.补写出下列名篇名句中的空缺部分。(任选六小题) (1)子日:“其恕乎!己所不欲, (2) (3)狗吠深巷中, (陶渊明《归园田居>) (4) ,一夜飞度镜湖月。 。 (李白《梦游天姥吟留别》) ,鸟鹊南飞。 。 。” (6 分) (《论语》) (曹操《短歌行》)

(5)女娲炼石补天处, (李贺《李凭箜篌引》)

leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res po nsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd low positions, but als o the nature of the w ork and the w orkloa d. 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜

In reform of method

Shang, a pprove d civi l servants positions cons umpti on sta ndard t o "big unified, and small di spersed" s uitable, t hat most positions consum ption proje ct s hould a ccor ding to poli cy provi des propose d unified standard, consi der to rank s, and unit s and the w ork task of difference s sex, unified of standa rd should has ela stic of and dy namic of, mak es regions, a nd units i n implementati on unified sta ndar d Shi ha s must of flexible dis posal rig ht; but since set of standar d must af ter financial, and audit, se ctor audit approve d Hou to impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on elasti city of cons umption to limit cons umption, tur ning mes s into kitche n after dinner, foll ow the civil serva nt with a how to use personal title s ubsi dies, or how to manage a pers onal duty cons umpti on use of s ubsi dies . Therefore, w e must establish a nd per fect with public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the serie s of governa nce systems s uch as the civil servi ce examinati on of res ponsi bility, sy stem, low fault investigati on system, t he report said. While ot her measure s to keep up. Discipline i nspecti on a nd supervi sion organs, financial, a uditi ng de partments s hould stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd i ns pecti on of p ubli c serva nts ' duty consum ption monetizati on reform pr ogress, t o strengthen the reform of publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption m onetizati on sy stem, measur es to devel op a nd monitor the im plementati on of inspe ction, not cons umption as required, even s hifting cons umer be havior to stop, serious cases to deal wit h. Thre e idea s, publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform of politi cs, t he economy and t he dee pe ning of the reform, public s ervants ' duty consumpti on a s somew here betwee n a reform also demonstrated its importa nce a nd urgency. First of all, civil s ervants es pe cially party and G overnment lea ders a nd public se rvants ' duty cons umption there are big drawbacks . NPC de putie s and CPPCC members a nd the broa d masse s are concer ned a bout. Secondly, the

positi on -related consum ption of civil serva nts ha s bee n swe pt by fina nce, cons umer, regardl ess of cost, extravagance and waste in t he civil service position-relate d cons umption, abuse , corr upti on a nd embe zzleme nt, corrupti on i s important . The n, under t he conditions of market econom y, how t o reform the existing civil duty cons umpti on manageme nt, expl ores a s ource to preve nt and cur b the post consumpti on corr uption way, i s currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d research on this i ssue, this problem on some humble opi nions. First , the existing publ ic servants ' duty consumpti on the main pr oblems seen from the investigation and reasons, i n rece nt years, publi c serva nts ' dut y consum ption caused by the abuse s and not a person of integrity, is one of the maj or problems i n the party i n Gover nment, it s operation or der have a negative effect on the party and Gover nment orga ns, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and t he Gov ernment, undermini ng the relations hip betwee n party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up and economic constructi on. From I County in recent years of gover nance sit uation see, positi ons cons umption in the produced of "two not" phenomenon renderi ng four a features: a i s positions consumpti on system l ost has due of binding , right is greater tha n rules , and rig ht is greater than met hod of phenomenon more highlight; II is i n positions consumpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positi ons consum ption into has personal cons umpti on, wil l cor porate points t o into personal point s to, makes positions consumpti on i n some a spe cts ha s into positions enj oy and self-deali ng of means; t hree is t o positions consumpti on for name , fraud, false imper sonator, Tre nd of negative corr uption phenomena such as corr uption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful, a nd post consum ption became a symbol of showing off their individual capa cities. Cause d by public servants ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe ople refle ct the bigge st problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost expenditure. A ccording to statistics, until November 2003, XX County tow ns hip De partment bus 1 59 cars, whi ch department owns the bus 14 5 vehi cles, a nd s howed a n increa sing tre nd. Fi nancial expense s cost per bus per year to 35 ,000 y uan, a nd i n fact every cost up to 50,00 0 yuan. Some units als o hiri ng temporary driv ers and ex penditure on wages a nd sub sidie s. Neces sary to "keep a car", but al so "de pendants", lea ding to l arger expenses. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong br eed unhealthy t endencies. S ome pe opl e believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third used for official pur poses. Some public s ervants, e spe cially leading official s motoring , cars for private pur pose s, violati ng the s elf -dis cipline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead to traffic accide nts. A ccor ding to statistics from related departme nts, si nce 2 004, the corre ct investigat i on in our County serves nearly 30 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

(6)未老莫还乡, (韦庄《菩萨蛮》) (7) 慢》) (8)人生自古谁无死,



,最难将息。

(李清照《声声



(文天祥《过零丁洋》)

三、(25 分) 阅读下面的文字,完成 11~14 题。 一袋美元 (俄罗斯)阿列克谢·利特维诺夫 星期五的早晨,莫斯科精神病院。 “大夫,我可以进来吗?”一个微微谢顶,略有些驼背的中年人走进心理科门诊部。 “当然,请进,你觉得哪不舒服吗?”个子瘦高、戴着咖啡色眼镜的大夫不冷不热 地问,但并未放下手中的报纸和笔,他正在玩填字游戏。 “不知道。我看人们都来找精神病大夫,所以我也来了。” “嗯,太好了。那你最好立刻承认自己是精神病。现在有许多人都因为钱的缘故而 得了这种病。”他边填字边说。 “哦,上帝,这太可怕了。我正是为钱的事找您来的,大夫。” “哼,我猜对了吧。你说说看,是怎么回事?”大夫听到“钱”字,立刘放下了笔。 “大夫,我希望你能帮帮我。我前两天拾了很大一笔钱……” “钱?一大笔?拾的?有多少?”大夫的脸凑近中年人,镜片后的目光一下子灼灼 闪亮。 “一口袋。” “啊?一口袋!你别激动,慢慢说。”
leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, und er the existing poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on st a ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd low positions, but als o the nature of the w ork and the w orkloa d. 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 活 ” 年 “ 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 In reform of method Shang, a pprove d civi l servants positions cons umpti on sta ndard t o "big unified, and small di spersed" s uitable, t hat most posit ions consum ption proje ct s hould a ccor ding to poli cy provi des propose d unified standard, co nsi der to rank s, and unit s and the w ork task of difference s sex, unified of standa rd should has ela stic of and dy namic of, ma kes regions, a nd units i n implementati on unified sta ndar d Shi ha s must of flexible dis posal rig ht; but since set of standar d must after financial, and audit, se ctor audit approve d Hou to impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on elasti city of cons umption to limit cons umption, tur ning mes s into kitche n after dinner, foll ow the civil serva nt with a how to use personal title s ubsi dies, or how to manage a pers onal duty cons umpti on use of s ubsi dies . Therefore, w e must establish a nd perfect with public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the serie s of governa nce systems s uch as the civil servi ce examinati on of res ponsi bility, sy stem, low fault investigati on system, t he report said. While ot her measure s to keep up. Discipline i nspecti on a nd s upervi sion organs, financial, a uditi ng de partments s hould stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd i ns pecti on of publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption monetizati on reform pr ogress, t o strengthen the reform of publi c serva nts ' duty consum pti on m onetizati on sy stem, measur es to devel op a nd monitor the im plementati on of inspe ction, not cons umption as required, even s hifting cons umer be havior to stop, serious cases to deal wit h. Thre e idea s, publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform of politi cs, t he economy and t he dee pe ning of the reform, public s ervants ' duty consumpti on a s somew here betwee n a reform also demonstrated its importa nce a nd urgency. First of all, civil s ervants es pe cially party and G overnment lea ders a nd public se rvant s ' duty cons umption there are big drawbacks . NPC de putie s and CPPCC members a nd the broa d masse s are concer ned a bout. Secondly, the

·7·

positi on -related consum ption of civil serva nts ha s bee n swe pt by fina nce, cons umer, regardl ess of cost, extravagance and waste in t he civil service position-relate d cons umption, abuse , corr upti on a nd embe zzleme nt, corrupti on i s important . The n, under t he conditions of market econom y, how t o reform the existing civil duty cons umpti on manageme nt, expl ores a s ource to preve nt and cur b the post con sumpti on corr uption way, i s currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d research on this i ssue, this problem on some humble opi nions. First , the existing publ ic servants ' dut y consumpti on the main pr oblems seen from the investigation and reasons, i n rece nt years, publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption caused by the abuse s and not a person of integrity, is one of the maj or problems i n the party i n Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party and Gover nment orga ns, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and t he Gov ernment, undermini ng the relations hip betwee n party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up and economic constructi on. From I County in recent years of gover nance sit uation see, positi ons cons umption in th e produced of "two not" phenomenon renderi ng four a features: a i s positions consumpti on system l ost has due of binding , right is greater tha n rules , and rig ht is greater than met hod of phenomenon more highlight; II is i n positions consumpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positi ons consum ption into has personal cons umpti on, wil l cor porate points t o into personal point s to, makes positions consumpti on i n some a spe cts ha s into positions enj oy and self -deali ng of means; t hree is t o positions consumpti on for name , fraud, false imper sonator, Tre nd of negative corr uption phenomena such as corr uption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful, a nd post consum ption became a symbol of showing off their indi vidual capa cities. Cause d by public servants ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe ople refle ct the bigge st problem s are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost expenditure. A ccording to statistics, until November 2003, XX County tow ns hip De partment bus 1 59 cars, whi ch department owns the bus 14 5 vehi cles, a nd s howed a n increa sing tre nd. Fi nancial expense s cost per bus per year to 35 ,000 y uan, a nd i n fact every cost up to 50,00 0 yuan. Some units als o hiri ng temporary driv ers and ex penditure on wages a nd subsidie s. Neces sary to "keep a car", but al so "de pendants", lea ding to l arger expenses. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong br eed unhealthy tendencies. S ome pe opl e believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third used for official pur poses. Some public s ervants, e spe cially leading official s motoring , cars for private pur pose s, violati ng the s elf -dis cipline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead to traffic accide nts. A ccor ding to statistics from related departme nts, si nce 2 004, the corre ct investigati on in our County serves nearly 30 cars for private purpose s, only t he first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

“我没激动,大夫。请你轻点抓我的手好吗?” 大夫松开了手,扶了扶眼镜。 “一大口袋美元,都是一百元一张的。星期二早晨,我起来锻炼身体,刚一出小区 门,就看到地上有一个袋子,拾起来,觉得很沉,打开一看,里面全是美元。” “哦,美元!“ “大夫,您把我扣子揪下来了。嗯,是美元,没错。嗯,我就想——” “打住!我是心理学大夫,来猜一下。这么多钱,你打算自己留下来,对不?” “您没猜对。我想,人家会找来的,就在家等了两天,结果没人来。” “等了两天?你大脑没受过碰撞吧?” “没有。” “比如,偶然……” “您是问,我撞没撞到什么东西上?没有,没撞过,也没让人敲打过。” “哦,什么也没有,我随便问问。也就是说,你等了两天也没人来要钱。” “是的。大夫……” “打住!这次你决定把钱留下来了?” “不是,大夫。我去警察局问了一下,可他们说已经好久没人采这交钱、找钱了。 接着,我就去银行,让他们检验一下,看这些钱是不是假的。” “太好了。你很聪明,好样的。那么多钱没人要,说不定就是假的。对了,你再想 一想,你以前没从高处摔下采过吗?比如马上、房上……” “从来没有。” “那太好了。请问你们家族有癫痫病史吗?”
leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res po nsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd low positions, but als o the nature of the w ork and the w orkloa d. 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 In reform of method

Shang, a pprove d civi l servants positions cons umpti on sta ndard t o "big unified, and small di spersed" s uitable, t hat most positions consum ption proje ct s hould a ccor ding to poli cy provi des propose d unified standard, consi der to rank s, and unit s and the w ork task of difference s sex, unified of standa rd should has ela stic of and dy namic of, mak es regions, a nd units i n implementati on unified sta ndar d Shi ha s must of flexible dis posal rig ht; but since set of standar d must af ter financial, and audit, se ctor audit approve d Hou to impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on elasti city of cons umption to limit cons umption, tur ning mes s into kitche n after dinner, foll ow the civil serva nt with a how to use personal title s ubsi dies, or how to manage a pers onal duty cons umpti on use of s ubsi dies . Therefore, w e must establish a nd per fect with public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the serie s of governa nce systems s uch as the civil servi ce examinati on of res ponsi bility, sy stem, low fault investigati on system, t he report said. While ot her measure s to keep up. Discipline i nspecti on a nd supervi sion organs, financial, a uditi ng de partments s hould stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd i ns pecti on of p ubli c serva nts ' duty consum ption monetizati on reform pr ogress, t o strengthen the reform of publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption m onetizati on sy stem, measur es to devel op a nd monitor the im plementati on of inspe ction, not cons umption as required, even s hifting cons umer be havior to stop, serious cases to deal wit h. Thre e idea s, publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform of politi cs, t he economy and t he dee pe ning of the reform, public s ervants ' duty consumpti on a s somew here betwee n a reform also demonstrated its importa nce a nd urgency. First of all, civil s ervants es pe cially party and G overnment lea ders a nd public se rvants ' duty cons umption there are big drawbacks . NPC de putie s and CPPCC members a nd the broa d masse s are concer ned a bout. Secondly, the

positi on -related consum ption of civil serva nts ha s bee n swe pt by fina nce, cons umer, regardl ess of cost, extravagance and waste in t he civil service position-relate d cons umption, abuse , corr upti on a nd embe zzleme nt, corrupti on i s important . The n, under t he conditions of market econom y, how t o reform the existing civil duty cons umpti on manageme nt, expl ores a s ource to preve nt and cur b the post consumpti on corr uption way, i s currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d research on this i ssue, this problem on some humble opi nions. First , the existing publ ic servants ' duty consumpti on the main pr oblems seen from the investigation and reasons, i n rece nt years, publi c serva nts ' dut y consum ption caused by the abuse s and not a person of integrity, is one of the maj or problems i n the party i n Gover nment, it s operation or der have a negative effect on the party and Gover nment orga ns, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and t he Gov ernment, undermini ng the relations hip betwee n party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up and economic constructi on. From I County in recent years of gover nance sit uation see, positi ons cons umption in the produced of "two not" phenomenon renderi ng four a features: a i s positions consumpti on system l ost has due of binding , right is greater tha n rules , and rig ht is greater than met hod of phenomenon more highlight; II is i n positions consumpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positi ons consum ption into has personal cons umpti on, wil l cor porate points t o into personal point s to, makes positions consumpti on i n some a spe cts ha s into positions enj oy and self-deali ng of means; t hree is t o positions consumpti on for name , fraud, false imper sonator, Tre nd of negative corr uption phenomena such as corr uption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful, a nd post consum ption became a symbol of showing off their individual capa cities. Cause d by public servants ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe ople refle ct the bigge st problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost expenditure. A ccording to statistics, until November 2003, XX County tow ns hip De partment bus 1 59 cars, whi ch department owns the bus 14 5 vehi cles, a nd s howed a n increa sing tre nd. Fi nancial expense s cost per bus per year to 35 ,000 y uan, a nd i n fact every cost up to 50,00 0 yuan. Some units als o hiri ng temporary driv ers and ex penditure on wages a nd sub sidie s. Neces sary to "keep a car", but al so "de pendants", lea ding to l arger expenses. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong br eed unhealthy t endencies. S ome pe opl e believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third used for official pur poses. Some public s ervants, e spe cially leading official s motoring , cars for private pur pose s, violati ng the s elf -dis cipline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead to traffic accide nts. A ccor ding to statistics from related departme nts, si nce 2 004, the corre ct investigat i on in our County serves nearly 30 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

“没有。” “你肯定吗?比如你的爷爷奶奶……” “没有。” “嗯。这就奇怪了。那请你对我说实话,当你用湿手抓电线时有什么感觉?” “我从来没有用手碰过电线。” “太遗憾了!那……到了银行后怎么样了?” “他们说,美元是真的。其中两个工作人员还追出来,问我有多少,愿不愿意和他 们兑换—一比官方牌价贵 50 卢布。我说,钱不是我的,不换。他们骂了我句‘神经病’, 失望地回去了。我从银行出来,心想算了,现在——” “打住!让我再猜一次。你终于决定自己留下这笔钱了。” “自己留下?可这钱不是我的。” “哎,疯子,现在这些钱在哪?” “我想来想去,决定给你带来……” “谢谢!你这人可真不错,还惦记着我……” “可刚才我走在路上又一想,钱这东西给人们带来了多少痛苦和不幸呀。我给你不 是害了你吗?我想不如干脆扔了算了。” “什么?扔了?你真是个十足的傻瓜、笨蛋、白痴、神经病!快说,扔到哪了?你 扔到哪了?” “我站在‘十月革命 50 周年’大桥上,想把这些钱扔到河里去……哎,大夫,你这 是去哪儿?哎?这么快就跑了,你还没听我说完呢,怎么就跑了呢?”他站起身,要追 出去,想想又坐下了,口中还在自言自语,“我还没说完呢……我站在大桥上刚要扔,
leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, und er the existing poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on st a ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd low positions, but als o the nature of the w ork and the w orkloa d. 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 活 ” 年 “ 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 In reform of method Shang, a pprove d civi l servants positions cons umpti on sta ndard t o "big unified, and small di spersed" s uitable, t hat most posit ions consum ption proje ct s hould a ccor ding to poli cy provi des propose d unified standard, co nsi der to rank s, and unit s and the w ork task of difference s sex, unified of standa rd should has ela stic of and dy namic of, ma kes regions, a nd units i n implementati on unified sta ndar d Shi ha s must of flexible dis posal rig ht; but since set of standar d must after financial, and audit, se ctor audit approve d Hou to impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on elasti city of cons umption to limit cons umption, tur ning mes s into kitche n after dinner, foll ow the civil serva nt with a how to use personal title s ubsi dies, or how to manage a pers onal duty cons umpti on use of s ubsi dies . Therefore, w e must establish a nd perfect with public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the serie s of governa nce systems s uch as the civil servi ce examinati on of res ponsi bility, sy stem, low fault investigati on system, t he report said. While ot her measure s to keep up. Discipline i nspecti on a nd s upervi sion organs, financial, a uditi ng de partments s hould stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd i ns pecti on of publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption monetizati on reform pr ogress, t o strengthen the reform of publi c serva nts ' duty consum pti on m onetizati on sy stem, measur es to devel op a nd monitor the im plementati on of inspe ction, not cons umption as required, even s hifting cons umer be havior to stop, serious cases to deal wit h. Thre e idea s, publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform of politi cs, t he economy and t he dee pe ning of the reform, public s ervants ' duty consumpti on a s somew here betwee n a reform also demonstrated its importa nce a nd urgency. First of all, civil s ervants es pe cially party and G overnment lea ders a nd public se rvant s ' duty cons umption there are big drawbacks . NPC de putie s and CPPCC members a nd the broa d masse s are concer ned a bout. Secondly, the

·9·

positi on -related consum ption of civil serva nts ha s bee n swe pt by fina nce, cons umer, regardl ess of cost, extravagance and waste in t he civil service position-relate d cons umption, abuse , corr upti on a nd embe zzleme nt, corrupti on i s important . The n, under t he conditions of market econom y, how t o reform the existing civil duty cons umpti on manageme nt, expl ores a s ource to preve nt and cur b the post con sumpti on corr uption way, i s currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d research on this i ssue, this problem on some humble opi nions. First , the existing publ ic servants ' dut y consumpti on the main pr oblems seen from the investigation and reasons, i n rece nt years, publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption caused by the abuse s and not a person of integrity, is one of the maj or problems i n the party i n Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party and Gover nment orga ns, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and t he Gov ernment, undermini ng the relations hip betwee n party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up and economic constructi on. From I County in recent years of gover nance sit uation see, positi ons cons umption in th e produced of "two not" phenomenon renderi ng four a features: a i s positions consumpti on system l ost has due of binding , right is greater tha n rules , and rig ht is greater than met hod of phenomenon more highlight; II is i n positions consumpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positi ons consum ption into has personal cons umpti on, wil l cor porate points t o into personal point s to, makes positions consumpti on i n some a spe cts ha s into positions enj oy and self -deali ng of means; t hree is t o positions consumpti on for name , fraud, false imper sonator, Tre nd of negative corr uption phenomena such as corr uption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful, a nd post consum ption became a symbol of showing off their indi vidual capa cities. Cause d by public servants ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe ople refle ct the bigge st problem s are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost expenditure. A ccording to statistics, until November 2003, XX County tow ns hip De partment bus 1 59 cars, whi ch department owns the bus 14 5 vehi cles, a nd s howed a n increa sing tre nd. Fi nancial expense s cost per bus per year to 35 ,000 y uan, a nd i n fact every cost up to 50,00 0 yuan. Some units als o hiri ng temporary driv ers and ex penditure on wages a nd subsidie s. Neces sary to "keep a car", but al so "de pendants", lea ding to l arger expenses. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong br eed unhealthy tendencies. S ome pe opl e believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third used for official pur poses. Some public s ervants, e spe cially leading official s motoring , cars for private pur pose s, violati ng the s elf -dis cipline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead to traffic accide nts. A ccor ding to statistics from related departme nts, si nce 2 004, the corre ct investigati on in our County serves nearly 30 cars for private purpose s, only t he first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

突然过来一个警察,拿着警棍朝我头上打来,我一害怕,就醒了……唉,我最近常做这 种梦,不知是怎么了……大夫也没说我是什么病,就跑了,白费了半天劲排队挂号。算 了,我再看看别的大夫吧……” 11.下列关于这篇小说的分析和概括,最恰当的两项是( )( )。 (5 分)

A.小说主要围绕一袋并不存在的美元展开,“它”既是小说的线索,又在推动着 情节不停地发展。 B.小说中的“病人”和“医生”都因为钱而病得很重,从这个意义上讲,他们都 是需要救治的人。 C.小说中特别写到“‘十月革命 50 周年’大桥”,这是作者有意识地在点明故事 发生的背景。 D.小说借助“医生”与“病人”的对话来讲述故事,塑造人物形象,表现主题, 构思非常巧妙。 E.小说很短,但结构上非常清晰完整,包含了“序、开端、发展、高潮、结局和尾 声”六个环节。 12.从情节发展的先后进程中,概括“医生”这一人物形象的特点。(5 分) 13.赏析文中画线句子。(7 分) (1)从句式特点的角度赏析。 “钱?一大笔?拾的?有多少?” (2)从人物塑造方法的角度赏析。 “等了两天?你大脑没受过碰撞吧?” 14.本文安排“自言自语”这一情节作为结尾,结合全文,选择两个角度,谈谈这样安 排有什么好处?(8 分)

第 II 卷(表达题共 84 分)
四、(24 分) 15.下列词语中字形和加点字的读音,全都正确的一项是( A.菁(qīng)华 辐射 美仑美奂 芸芸众生
In reform of method

)。

(3 分)

leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res po nsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd low positions, but als o the nature of the w ork and the w orkloa d. 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜

Shang, a pprove d civi l servants positions cons umpti on sta ndard t o "big unified, and small di spersed" s uitable, t hat most positions consum ption proje ct s hould a ccor ding to poli cy provi des propose d unified standard, consi der to rank s, and unit s and the w ork task of difference s sex, unified of standa rd should has ela stic of and dy namic of, mak es regions, a nd units i n implementati on unified sta ndar d Shi ha s must of flexible dis posal rig ht; but since set of standar d must af ter financial, and audit, se ctor audit approve d Hou to impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on elasti city of cons umption to limit cons umption, tur ning mes s into kitche n after dinner, foll ow the civil serva nt with a how to use personal title s ubsi dies, or how to manage a pers onal duty cons umpti on use of s ubsi dies . Therefore, w e must establish a nd per fect with public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the serie s of governa nce systems s uch as the civil servi ce examinati on of res ponsi bility, sy stem, low fault investigati on system, t he report said. While ot her measure s to keep up. Discipline i nspecti on a nd supervi sion organs, financial, a uditi ng de partments s hould stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd i ns pecti on of p ubli c serva nts ' duty consum ption monetizati on reform pr ogress, t o strengthen the reform of publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption m onetizati on sy stem, measur es to devel op a nd monitor the im plementati on of inspe ction, not cons umption as required, even s hifting cons umer be havior to stop, serious cases to deal wit h. Thre e idea s, publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform of politi cs, t he economy and t he dee pe ning of the reform, public s ervants ' duty consumpti on a s somew here betwee n a reform also demonstrated its importa nce a nd urgency. First of all, civil s ervants es pe cially party and G overnment lea ders a nd public se rvants ' duty cons umption there are big drawbacks . NPC de putie s and CPPCC members a nd the broa d masse s are concer ned a bout. Secondly, the

positi on -related consum ption of civil serva nts ha s bee n swe pt by fina nce, cons umer, regardl ess of cost, extravagance and waste in t he civil service position-relate d cons umption, abuse , corr upti on a nd embe zzleme nt, corrupti on i s important . The n, under t he conditions of market econom y, how t o reform the existing civil duty cons umpti on manageme nt, expl ores a s ource to preve nt and cur b the post consumpti on corr uption way, i s currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d research on this i ssue, this problem on some humble opi nions. First , the existing publ ic servants ' duty consumpti on the main pr oblems seen from the investigation and reasons, i n rece nt years, publi c serva nts ' dut y consum ption caused by the abuse s and not a person of integrity, is one of the maj or problems i n the party i n Gover nment, it s operation or der have a negative effect on the party and Gover nment orga ns, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and t he Gov ernment, undermini ng the relations hip betwee n party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up and economic constructi on. From I County in recent years of gover nance sit uation see, positi ons cons umption in the produced of "two not" phenomenon renderi ng four a features: a i s positions consumpti on system l ost has due of binding , right is greater tha n rules , and rig ht is greater than met hod of phenomenon more highlight; II is i n positions consumpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positi ons consum ption into has personal cons umpti on, wil l cor porate points t o into personal point s to, makes positions consumpti on i n some a spe cts ha s into positions enj oy and self-deali ng of means; t hree is t o positions consumpti on for name , fraud, false imper sonator, Tre nd of negative corr uption phenomena such as corr uption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful, a nd post consum ption became a symbol of showing off their individual capa cities. Cause d by public servants ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe ople refle ct the bigge st problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost expenditure. A ccording to statistics, until November 2003, XX County tow ns hip De partment bus 1 59 cars, whi ch department owns the bus 14 5 vehi cles, a nd s howed a n increa sing tre nd. Fi nancial expense s cost per bus per year to 35 ,000 y uan, a nd i n fact every cost up to 50,00 0 yuan. Some units als o hiri ng temporary driv ers and ex penditure on wages a nd sub sidie s. Neces sary to "keep a car", but al so "de pendants", lea ding to l arger expenses. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong br eed unhealthy t endencies. S ome pe opl e believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third used for official pur poses. Some public s ervants, e spe cially leading official s motoring , cars for private pur pose s, violati ng the s elf -dis cipline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead to traffic accide nts. A ccor ding to statistics from related departme nts, si nce 2 004, the corre ct investigat i on in our County serves nearly 30 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

B.龟(guī)裂 C.纤(xiān)维

笃信 揶揄

察颜观色 高潮迭起 鸠占雀巢

叱咤风云 剑拔弩张 怡然自得 )。 (3 分)

D.粗犷(guǎng) 精萃

16.下列语句中加点词语的使用,恰当的一项是(

A.北京电影学院导演系初试考卷备受关注,考卷囊括 了 PM2.5、郭美美等热门词, .. 考生大呼雷人,业内人士却一片叫好。 B.中国人民解放军在抗震救灾中的表现,令国际社会为之侧目 。有关国家也在积 .. 极探讨军队发挥救援作用的可能性。 C. 近年来我国涉外企业遭遇的国际纠纷越来越多, 但国内能够应对这些纠纷诉讼的 高级人才却是百里挑一 ,极其缺乏。 .... D.有些人对=氧化碳的排放不以为意 ,严酷的事实促使他们改变了观念。他们决心 .... 从自身做起从点滴做起,争做低碳达人。 17. 清代名臣曾国藩曾为乳母写过一副充满感恩之情的挽联。 请你为这副对联的上联 “一 饭尚铭恩,况保抱提携,只少怀胎十月”选择下联,最合适的一项是( 分) A.千金报德难,论物理人情,更需泣血三年 B.千金难报德,论人情物理,也应泣血三年 C.千金难报德,论世态人情,也应哭泣百日 D.千金报德难,论人情世态,更需哭泣百日 18.下面语段中,有五处语病(含标点)。先写出有错误句子的序号,然后加以修改。 (5 分) ①随着我国城市人口不断增加,日益增多的城市生活垃圾。②据统计,人均日产量 不少于 1 千克左右。 ③我国城市垃圾的年清运量已这 18 亿吨。 ④目前我国城市垃圾约有 一半未经处理,严重污染水质、土壤、大气……等等,⑤这些垃圾还大量侵占了土地。 ⑥因此,垃圾无害化处理已引起社会的普遍关注。⑦我国城市垃圾处理将逐渐采用具有 无害化、稳定化和资源化的垃圾焚烧处理。 序 号 修 改 )。 (3

leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, und er the existing poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on st a ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd low positions, but als o the nature of the w ork and the w orkloa d. 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 活 ” 年 “ 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜

In reform of method

Shang, a pprove d civi l servants positions cons umpti on sta ndard t o "big unified, and small di spersed" s uitable, t hat most posit ions consum ption proje ct s hould a ccor ding to poli cy provi des propose d unified standard, co nsi der to rank s, and unit s and the w ork task of difference s sex, unified of standa rd should has ela stic of and dy namic of, ma kes regions, a nd units i n implementati on unified sta ndar d Shi ha s must of flexible dis posal rig ht; but since set of standar d must after financial, and audit, se ctor audit approve d Hou to impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on elasti city of cons umption to limit cons umption, tur ning mes s into kitche n after dinner, foll ow the civil serva nt with a how to use personal title s ubsi dies, or how to manage a pers onal duty cons umpti on use of s ubsi dies . Therefore, w e must establish a nd perfect with public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the serie s of governa nce systems s uch as the civil servi ce examinati on of res ponsi bility, sy stem, low fault investigati on system, t he report said. While ot her measure s to keep

up.

Discipline i nspecti on a nd s upervi sion organs, financial, a uditi ng de partments s hould stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd i ns pecti on of publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption monetizati on reform pr ogress, t o strengthen the reform of publi c serva nts ' duty consum pti on m onetizati on sy stem, measur es to devel op a nd monitor the im plementati on of inspe ction, not cons umption as required, even s hifting cons umer be havior to stop, serious cases to deal wit h. Thre e idea s, publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform of politi cs, t he economy and t he dee pe ning of the reform, public s ervants ' duty consumpti on a s somew here betwee n a reform also demonstrated its importa nce a nd urgency. First of all, civil s ervants es pe cially party and G overnment lea ders a nd public se rvant s ' duty cons umption there are big drawbacks . NPC de putie s and CPPCC members a nd the broa d masse s are concer ned a bout. Secondly, the

·11·

positi on -related consum ption of civil serva nts ha s bee n swe pt by fina nce, cons umer, regardl ess of cost, extravagance and waste in t he civil service position-relate d cons umption, abuse , corr upti on a nd embe zzleme nt, corrupti on i s important . The n, under t he conditions of market econom y, how t o reform the existing civil duty cons umpti on manageme nt, expl ores a s ource to preve nt and cur b the post con sumpti on corr uption way, i s currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d research on this i ssue, this problem on some humble opi nions. First , the existing publ ic servants ' dut y consumpti on the main pr oblems seen from the investigation and reasons, i n rece nt years, publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption caused by the abuse s and not a person of integrity, is one of the maj or problems i n the party i n Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party and Gover nment orga ns, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and t he Gov ernment, undermini ng the relations hip betwee n party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up and economic constructi on. From I County in recent years of gover nance sit uation see, positi ons cons umption in th e produced of "two not" phenomenon renderi ng four a features: a i s positions consumpti on system l ost has due of binding , right is greater tha n rules , and rig ht is greater than met hod of phenomenon more highlight; II is i n positions consumpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positi ons consum ption into has personal cons umpti on, wil l cor porate points t o into personal point s to, makes positions consumpti on i n some a spe cts ha s into positions enj oy and self -deali ng of means; t hree is t o positions consumpti on for name , fraud, false imper sonator, Tre nd of negative corr uption phenomena such as corr uption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful, a nd post consum ption became a symbol of showing off their indi vidual capa cities. Cause d by public servants ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe ople refle ct the bigge st problem s are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost expenditure. A ccording to statistics, until November 2003, XX County tow ns hip De partment bus 1 59 cars, whi ch department owns the bus 14 5 vehi cles, a nd s howed a n increa sing tre nd. Fi nancial expense s cost per bus per year to 35 ,000 y uan, a nd i n fact every cost up to 50,00 0 yuan. Some units als o hiri ng temporary driv ers and ex penditure on wages a nd subsidie s. Neces sary to "keep a car", but al so "de pendants", lea ding to l arger expenses. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong br eed unhealthy tendencies. S ome pe opl e believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third used for official pur poses. Some public s ervants, e spe cially leading official s motoring , cars for private pur pose s, violati ng the s elf -dis cipline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead to traffic accide nts. A ccor ding to statistics from related departme nts, si nce 2 004, the corre ct investigati on in our County serves nearly 30 cars for private purpose s, only t he first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

19.仿照下面示例的句子,请以“朋友”或“春天”为话题,写一组句子。

(4 分)

示例:人生像一首曲子,离不开灵动的音符;人生像一条长河,离不开翻滚的浪花; 人生像一抹彩虹离不开绚丽的色彩! 20.观察这幅漫画,简述画面内容、指出漫画寓意并给商家提一条 10 个字以内的合理化 建议。(6 分)

内容: 寓意: 建议:

五、(60 分) 21.请以“换一个角度看幸福”为题,写一篇不少于 800 字的文章。 (60 分) 【注意】①除诗歌外,文体下限。②不得套作,不得抄袭,不得透露个人信息。③ 书写规范,正确使用标点符号。

2012 年马鞍山市高中毕业班第二次模拟考试 语文试题参考答案 一、(9 分,每小题 3 分) 1. C 2. C 3. D

二、(32 分) 4.B 5.A 6.D (4—6,每小题 3 分)

7.( 10 分)

leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res po nsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd low positions, but als o the nature of the w ork and the w orkloa d. 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜

In reform of method

Shang, a pprove d civi l servants positions cons umpti on sta ndard t o "big unified, and small di spersed" s uitable, t hat most positions consum ption proje ct s hould a ccor ding to poli cy provi des propose d unified standard, consi der to rank s, and unit s and the w ork task of difference s sex, unified of standa rd should has ela stic of and dy namic of, mak es regions, a nd units i n implementati on unified sta ndar d Shi ha s must of flexible dis posal rig ht; but since set of standar d must af ter financial, and audit, se ctor audit approve d Hou to impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on elasti city of cons umption to limit cons umption, tur ning mes s into kitche n after dinner, foll ow the civil serva nt with a how to use personal title s ubsi dies, or how to manage a pers onal duty cons umpti on use of s ubsi dies . Therefore, w e must establish a nd per fect with public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the serie s of governa nce systems s uch as the civil servi ce examinati on of res ponsi bility, sy stem, low fault investigati on system, t he report said. While ot her measure s to keep up. Discipline i nspecti on a nd supervi sion organs, financial, a uditi ng de partments s hould stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd i ns pecti on of p ubli c serva nts ' duty consum ption monetizati on reform pr ogress, t o strengthen the reform of publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption m onetizati on sy stem, measur es to devel op a nd monitor the im plementati on of inspe ction, not cons umption as required, even s hifting cons umer be havior to stop, serious cases to deal wit h. Thre e idea s, publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform of politi cs, t he economy and t he dee pe ning of the reform, public s ervants ' duty consumpti on a s somew here betwee n a reform also demonstrated its importa nce a nd urgency. First of all, civil s ervants es pe cially party and G overnment lea ders a nd public se rvants ' duty cons umption there are big drawbacks . NPC de putie s and CPPCC members a nd the broa d masse s are concer ned a bout. Secondly, the

positi on -related consum ption of civil serva nts ha s bee n swe pt by fina nce, cons umer, regardl ess of cost, extravagance and waste in t he civil service position-relate d cons umption, abuse , corr upti on a nd embe zzleme nt, corrupti on i s important . The n, under t he conditions of market econom y, how t o reform the existing civil duty cons umpti on manageme nt, expl ores a s ource to preve nt and cur b the post consumpti on corr uption way, i s currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d research on this i ssue, this problem on some humble opi nions. First , the existing publ ic servants ' duty consumpti on the main pr oblems seen from the investigation and reasons, i n rece nt years, publi c serva nts ' dut y consum ption caused by the abuse s and not a person of integrity, is one of the maj or problems i n the party i n Gover nment, it s operation or der have a negative effect on the party and Gover nment orga ns, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and t he Gov ernment, undermini ng the relations hip betwee n party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up and economic constructi on. From I County in recent years of gover nance sit uation see, positi ons cons umption in the produced of "two not" phenomenon renderi ng four a features: a i s positions consumpti on system l ost has due of binding , right is greater tha n rules , and rig ht is greater than met hod of phenomenon more highlight; II is i n positions consumpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positi ons consum ption into has personal cons umpti on, wil l cor porate points t o into personal point s to, makes positions consumpti on i n some a spe cts ha s into positions enj oy and self-deali ng of means; t hree is t o positions consumpti on for name , fraud, false imper sonator, Tre nd of negative corr uption phenomena such as corr uption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful, a nd post consum ption became a symbol of showing off their individual capa cities. Cause d by public servants ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe ople refle ct the bigge st problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost expenditure. A ccording to statistics, until November 2003, XX County tow ns hip De partment bus 1 59 cars, whi ch department owns the bus 14 5 vehi cles, a nd s howed a n increa sing tre nd. Fi nancial expense s cost per bus per year to 35 ,000 y uan, a nd i n fact every cost up to 50,00 0 yuan. Some units als o hiri ng temporary driv ers and ex penditure on wages a nd sub sidie s. Neces sary to "keep a car", but al so "de pendants", lea ding to l arger expenses. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong br eed unhealthy t endencies. S ome pe opl e believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third used for official pur poses. Some public s ervants, e spe cially leading official s motoring , cars for private pur pose s, violati ng the s elf -dis cipline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead to traffic accide nts. A ccor ding to statistics from related departme nts, si nce 2 004, the corre ct investigat i on in our County serves nearly 30 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

(1)(李光地)将奏疏藏在蜡丸中,派人从小路赶到京城,皇上得到奏疏十分感动, 嘉奖他的忠诚。 (“置疏蜡丸中” 译出省略“于” 1 分,“间道” 1 分,“动容”1 分,句意 2 分。) (2)并且举荐内大臣施琅,(因为)他熟悉海上的各种情况,懂得军事,可委以重用。 (“举”1 分,“习”1 分,“知”1 分,句意 2 分。) 8. (3 分)比喻(1 分)。第一首把柳絮比作“飞花” (1 分),第二首把柳絮比作“雪” (1 分)。 9.(4 分)不同(1 分)。李诗中的柳絮有轻狂、放荡的特点,诗中有嘲讽意味(1 分); 而雍诗则借柳絮表达出希望青春长驻,华发迟生的愿望(2 分)。 10.(6 分) (1)勿施于人 (5)石破天惊逗秋雨 (2)月明星稀 (6)还乡须断肠 (3)鸡鸣桑树颠 (7)乍暖还寒时候 (4)我欲因之梦吴越 (8)留取丹心照汗青

(多字、漏字、错字均不得分,超过 6 空,按前 6 空评分) 三、(25 分) 11. (5 分) A,3 分;D,2 分;B,1 分。

12.(5 分)(1)对待病人“不冷不热”。 (1 分) (2)对待工作敷衍塞责。(1 分) (3)对待金钱充满热情、渴望占有,是个典型的拜金主义者。(3 分)。(意思对,即 可得分。顺序调到,不扣分) 13.(7 分) (1)(3 分)用短句连续发出疑问,语气急促(2 分),表现出人物对钱的关注急迫 的心情(1 分)。(意思对,即可得分) (2)(4 分)语言描写(2 分)。表面上写出了医生对中年人的不理解,实质上写出 了:在医生看来,不想钱据为己有的行为是反常的、叫人惊诧的、无法接受的。(2 分) (意思对,即可得分) 14.(8 分)示例: (1)使情节更加曲折。(2 分)最后才点明上文中一直在谈论的美元其实是子虚 乌有的,使平淡的故事情节陡生波澜,耐人寻味。(2 分)(意思对,即可得分)

leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, und er the existing poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on st a ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd low positions, but als o the nature of the w ork and the w orkloa d. 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 活 ” 年 “ 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜

In reform of method

Shang, a pprove d civi l servants positions cons umpti on sta ndard t o "big unified, and small di spersed" s uitable, t hat most posit ions consum ption proje ct s hould a ccor ding to poli cy provi des propose d unified standard, co nsi der to rank s, and unit s and the w ork task of difference s sex, unified of standa rd should has ela stic of and dy namic of, ma kes regions, a nd units i n implementati on unified sta ndar d Shi ha s must of flexible dis posal rig ht; but since set of standar d must after financial, and audit, se ctor audit approve d Hou to impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on elasti city of cons umption to limit cons umption, tur ning mes s into kitche n after dinner, foll ow the civil serva nt with a how to use personal title s ubsi dies, or how to manage a pers onal duty cons umpti on use of s ubsi dies . Therefore, w e must establish a nd perfect with public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the serie s of governa nce systems s uch as the civil servi ce examinati on of res ponsi bility, sy stem, low fault investigati on system, t he report said. While ot her measure s to keep

up.

Discipline i nspecti on a nd s upervi sion organs, financial, a uditi ng de partments s hould stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd i ns pecti on of publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption monetizati on reform pr ogress, t o strengthen the reform of publi c serva nts ' duty consum pti on m onetizati on sy stem, measur es to devel op a nd monitor the im plementati on of inspe ction, not cons umption as required, even s hifting cons umer be havior to stop, serious cases to deal wit h. Thre e idea s, publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform of politi cs, t he economy and t he dee pe ning of the reform, public s ervants ' duty consumpti on a s somew here betwee n a reform also demonstrated its importa nce a nd urgency. First of all, civil s ervants es pe cially party and G overnment lea ders a nd public se rvant s ' duty cons umption there are big drawbacks . NPC de putie s and CPPCC members a nd the broa d masse s are concer ned a bout. Secondly, the

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positi on -related consum ption of civil serva nts ha s bee n swe pt by fina nce, cons umer, regardl ess of cost, extravagance and waste in t he civil service position-relate d cons umption, abuse , corr upti on a nd embe zzleme nt, corrupti on i s important . The n, under t he conditions of market econom y, how t o reform the existing civil duty cons umpti on manageme nt, expl ores a s ource to preve nt and cur b the post con sumpti on corr uption way, i s currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d research on this i ssue, this problem on some humble opi nions. First , the existing publ ic servants ' dut y consumpti on the main pr oblems seen from the investigation and reasons, i n rece nt years, publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption caused by the abuse s and not a person of integrity, is one of the maj or problems i n the party i n Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party and Gover nment orga ns, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and t he Gov ernment, undermini ng the relations hip betwee n party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up and economic constructi on. From I County in recent years of gover nance sit uation see, positi ons cons umption in th e produced of "two not" phenomenon renderi ng four a features: a i s positions consumpti on system l ost has due of binding , right is greater tha n rules , and rig ht is greater than met hod of phenomenon more highlight; II is i n positions consumpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positi ons consum ption into has personal cons umpti on, wil l cor porate points t o into personal point s to, makes positions consumpti on i n some a spe cts ha s into positions enj oy and self -deali ng of means; t hree is t o positions consumpti on for name , fraud, false imper sonator, Tre nd of negative corr uption phenomena such as corr uption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful, a nd post consum ption became a symbol of showing off their indi vidual capa cities. Cause d by public servants ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe ople refle ct the bigge st problem s are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost expenditure. A ccording to statistics, until November 2003, XX County tow ns hip De partment bus 1 59 cars, whi ch department owns the bus 14 5 vehi cles, a nd s howed a n increa sing tre nd. Fi nancial expense s cost per bus per year to 35 ,000 y uan, a nd i n fact every cost up to 50,00 0 yuan. Some units als o hiri ng temporary driv ers and ex penditure on wages a nd subsidie s. Neces sary to "keep a car", but al so "de pendants", lea ding to l arger expenses. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong br eed unhealthy tendencies. S ome pe opl e believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third used for official pur poses. Some public s ervants, e spe cially leading official s motoring , cars for private pur pose s, violati ng the s elf -dis cipline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead to traffic accide nts. A ccor ding to statistics from related departme nts, si nce 2 004, the corre ct investigati on in our County serves nearly 30 cars for private purpose s, only t he first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

(2)使人物形象更加鲜明生动。(2 分) 医生为了这“一袋美元”,没有听完病 人的话,就跑出了医院,这一安排让读者对医生的拜金主义性格有了更深刻的认识。 (2 分)(意思对,即可得分) (3)使小说的主题更为深刻。(2 分)小说中的“大夫”本是给人诊治精神病的 医生,但是在金钱面前,他丧失了理智,实际上已经成了一个病态的人。作者用这一夸 张的情节强烈地讽刺了他,进而批判了金钱至上的社会现实,促使读者深入思考。(2 分)(意思对,即可得分) 四、(24 分) 15.C 16.D 17.B (15—17,每小题 3 分)

18.(5 分) 序号 ① ② ④ ⑤ ⑦ 修改后内容 城市生活垃圾日益增多 删去“不少于”或“左右” 去掉“等等”或省略号 侵占了大量的土地 “垃圾焚烧处理”后加“技术”

19.(4 分)修辞,2 分;内容,2 分。 示例: 朋友像一本大书,总要有照应的章节;朋友像一棵大树,总要有扶持的枝叶;朋友 像一杯热茶,总要有伴随的清泉! 春天像一首诗,离不开雨的标点;春天像一幅画,离不开云的色彩;春天像一部戏 剧,离不开情的告白! 20.(6 分) 内容: 霸气十足的商家在对一个前来请求退货的顾客说: “退不退我说了算!” (2 分)(意思对,即可得分) 寓意: 讽刺了当今社会上因为不公平而导致的不合理的消费现象:商家只顾自身利 益而制定了消费者被迫接受的“霸王条款”。(2 分)(意思对,即可得分)
leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res po nsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd low positions, but als o the nature of the w ork and the w orkloa d. 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 In reform of method Shang, a pprove d civi l servants positions cons umpti on sta ndard t o "big unified, and small di spersed" s uitable, t hat most positions consum ption proje ct s hould a ccor ding to poli cy provi des propose d unified standard, consi der to rank s, and unit s and the w ork task of difference s sex, unified of standa rd should has ela stic of and dy namic of, mak es regions, a nd units i n implementati on unified sta ndar d Shi ha s must of flexible dis posal rig ht; but since set of standar d must af ter financial, and audit, se ctor audit approve d Hou to impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on elasti city of cons umption to limit cons umption, tur ning mes s into kitche n after dinner, foll ow the civil serva nt with a how to use personal title s ubsi dies, or how to manage a pers onal duty cons umpti on use of s ubsi dies . Therefore, w e must establish a nd per fect with public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the serie s of governa nce systems s uch as the civil servi ce examinati on of res ponsi bility, sy stem, low fault investigati on system, t he report said. While ot her measure s to keep up. Discipline i nspecti on a nd supervi sion organs, financial, a uditi ng de partments s hould stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd i ns pecti on of p ubli c serva nts ' duty consum ption monetizati on reform pr ogress, t o strengthen the reform of publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption m onetizati on sy stem, measur es to devel op a nd monitor the im plementati on of inspe ction, not cons umption as required, even s hifting cons umer be havior to stop, serious cases to deal wit h. Thre e idea s, publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform of politi cs, t he economy and t he dee pe ning of the reform, public s ervants ' duty consumpti on a s somew here betwee n a reform also demonstrated its importa nce a nd urgency. First of all, civil s ervants es pe cially party and G overnment lea ders a nd public se rvants ' duty cons umption there are big drawbacks . NPC de putie s and CPPCC members a nd the broa d masse s are concer ned a bout. Secondly, the

positi on -related consum ption of civil serva nts ha s bee n swe pt by fina nce, cons umer, regardl ess of cost, extravagance and waste in t he civil service position-relate d cons umption, abuse , corr upti on a nd embe zzleme nt, corrupti on i s important . The n, under t he conditions of market econom y, how t o reform the existing civil duty cons umpti on manageme nt, expl ores a s ource to preve nt and cur b the post consumpti on corr uption way, i s currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d research on this i ssue, this problem on some humble opi nions. First , the existing publ ic servants ' duty consumpti on the main pr oblems seen from the investigation and reasons, i n rece nt years, publi c serva nts ' dut y consum ption caused by the abuse s and not a person of integrity, is one of the maj or problems i n the party i n Gover nment, it s operation or der have a negative effect on the party and Gover nment orga ns, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and t he Gov ernment, undermini ng the relations hip betwee n party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up and economic constructi on. From I County in recent years of gover nance sit uation see, positi ons cons umption in the produced of "two not" phenomenon renderi ng four a features: a i s positions consumpti on system l ost has due of binding , right is greater tha n rules , and rig ht is greater than met hod of phenomenon more highlight; II is i n positions consumpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positi ons consum ption into has personal cons umpti on, wil l cor porate points t o into personal point s to, makes positions consumpti on i n some a spe cts ha s into positions enj oy and self-deali ng of means; t hree is t o positions consumpti on for name , fraud, false imper sonator, Tre nd of negative corr uption phenomena such as corr uption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful, a nd post consum ption became a symbol of showing off their individual capa cities. Cause d by public servants ' duty consum ption of many "two" phe nome non in w hich pe ople refle ct the bigge st problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost expenditure. A ccording to statistics, until November 2003, XX County tow ns hip De partment bus 1 59 cars, whi ch department owns the bus 14 5 vehi cles, a nd s howed a n increa sing tre nd. Fi nancial expense s cost per bus per year to 35 ,000 y uan, a nd i n fact every cost up to 50,00 0 yuan. Some units als o hiri ng temporary driv ers and ex penditure on wages a nd sub sidie s. Neces sary to "keep a car", but al so "de pendants", lea ding to l arger expenses. Se cond, g ongchesiy ong br eed unhealthy t endencies. S ome pe opl e believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third used for official pur poses. Some public s ervants, e spe cially leading official s motoring , cars for private pur pose s, violati ng the s elf -dis cipline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead to traffic accide nts. A ccor ding to statistics from related departme nts, si nce 2 004, the corre ct investigat i on in our County serves nearly 30 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

建议:示例——诚信经商,不做霸王。(2 分)(意思对,即可得分) 五、(60 分) 21.(60 分) 参照 2011 年安徽省高考作文评分标准。

leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, und er the existing poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on st a ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both high a nd low positions, but als o the nature of the w ork and the w orkloa d. 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 活 ” 年 “ 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜

In reform of method

Shang, a pprove d civi l servants positions cons umpti on sta ndard t o "big unified, and small di spersed" s uitable, t hat most posit ions consum ption proje ct s hould a ccor ding to poli cy provi des propose d unified standard, co nsi der to rank s, and unit s and the w ork task of difference s sex, unified of standa rd should has ela stic of and dy namic of, ma kes regions, a nd units i n implementati on unified sta ndar d Shi ha s must of flexible dis posal rig ht; but since set of standar d must after financial, and audit, se ctor audit approve d Hou to impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on elasti city of cons umption to limit cons umption, tur ning mes s into kitche n after dinner, foll ow the civil serva nt with a how to use personal title s ubsi dies, or how to manage a pers onal duty cons umpti on use of s ubsi dies . Therefore, w e must establish a nd perfect with public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the serie s of governa nce systems s uch as the civil servi ce examinati on of res ponsi bility, sy stem, low fault investigati on system, t he report said. While ot her measure s to keep

up.

Discipline i nspecti on a nd s upervi sion organs, financial, a uditi ng de partments s hould stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd i ns pecti on of publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption monetizati on reform pr ogress, t o strengthen the reform of publi c serva nts ' duty consum pti on m onetizati on sy stem, measur es to devel op a nd monitor the im plementati on of inspe ction, not cons umption as required, even s hifting cons umer be havior to stop, serious cases to deal wit h. Thre e idea s, publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform of politi cs, t he economy and t he dee pe ning of the reform, public s ervants ' duty consumpti on a s somew here betwee n a reform also demonstrated its importa nce a nd urgency. First of all, civil s ervants es pe cially party and G overnment lea ders a nd public se rvant s ' duty cons umption there are big drawbacks . NPC de putie s and CPPCC members a nd the broa d masse s are concer ned a bout. Secondly, the

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